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10 Interesting Facts About Taiwan
March 24, 2024

10 Interesting Facts About Taiwan

Quick facts about Taiwan:

  • Population: Approximately 23.6 million people.
  • Capital: Taipei.
  • Official Language: Mandarin Chinese.
  • Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (NTD).
  • Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic.
  • Major Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, and others.
  • Geography: Located in East Asia, Taiwan is an island nation bordered by the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait.

Fact 1: There are very few indigenous people in Taiwan at all

Taiwan does have indigenous people, known as Taiwanese indigenous peoples or aborigines, who are recognized as the original inhabitants of the island. However, their population constitutes a small minority compared to the overall population of Taiwan. While they have faced challenges and discrimination, efforts have been made to preserve their cultures and rights within Taiwanese society.

Fact 2: Taiwan is one of the freest countries in Asia

Taiwan is often regarded as one of the freest countries in Asia in terms of political freedom, freedom of speech, and civil liberties. It has a democratic system of government, with regular elections and a multi-party political landscape. Additionally, Taiwan ranks high in various global indices that measure freedom and democracy. However, it’s essential to note that issues related to Taiwan’s sovereignty and international recognition remain complex due to its unique political status.

Fact 3: Taiwan is located on one of the most mountainous islands in the world

Taiwan is located on one of the most mountainous islands globally. Its terrain is characterized by rugged mountains, with over 200 peaks exceeding 3,000 meters in elevation. The Central Mountain Range runs along the length of the island, contributing to its mountainous landscape and diverse ecosystems. These mountains not only shape Taiwan’s geography but also influence its climate, culture, and biodiversity.

Fact 4: There are many festivals held in Taiwan

Taiwan is known for its vibrant festival culture, with numerous celebrations held throughout the year. These festivals showcase Taiwan’s rich cultural heritage, religious traditions, and diverse communities. Some of the most famous festivals include the Lantern Festival, celebrating the end of Chinese New Year with colorful lantern displays; the Dragon Boat Festival, featuring dragon boat races and traditional rice dumplings; and the Mid-Autumn Festival, known for its mooncakes and lantern parades. Additionally, there are cultural and religious events honoring deities, historical figures, and local customs, making Taiwan a lively destination for festival-goers.

Fact 5: There are very beautiful temples in Taiwan

Taiwan is home to a multitude of stunning temples, each offering a unique glimpse into the country’s rich cultural and religious heritage. From ancient temples nestled amidst lush mountains to ornate urban shrines adorned with intricate architectural details, Taiwan’s temple landscape is both diverse and awe-inspiring. Visitors can explore temples dedicated to various deities, such as the famous Longshan Temple in Taipei, known for its vibrant atmosphere and intricate artwork, or the serene Fo Guang Shan Monastery in Kaohsiung, one of the largest Buddhist monastic complexes in the world. Whether seeking spiritual solace or architectural marvels, Taiwan’s temples offer a captivating journey into the heart of its cultural identity.

Fact 6: Renting a car in Taiwan can be very expensive

Due to factors such as limited availability, high demand, and insurance requirements, the rental fees for vehicles in Taiwan can be relatively expensive compared to other destinations. Additionally, foreign visitors may encounter additional fees and requirements when renting a car in Taiwan, further adding to the overall expense. Therefore, travelers should carefully consider their transportation options and budget accordingly when planning a trip to Taiwan. It’s also best to find out in advance whether you need an International Driving License in Taiwan to drive.

Fact 7: There are a lot of scooters in Taiwan, about 1 for every 2 people

Taiwan has a significant number of scooters, with approximately one scooter for every two people in the country. This high prevalence of scooters is due to several factors, including the densely populated urban areas, limited parking space, and the convenience and affordability of scooters for daily commuting. As a result, scooters have become a ubiquitous mode of transportation in Taiwan, offering locals and visitors alike a convenient way to navigate the bustling streets and congested traffic conditions.

Fact 8: Taiwan’s largest chip manufacturer

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) is the largest chip manufacturer in Taiwan and one of the most prominent semiconductor foundries globally. Established in 1987, TSMC specializes in manufacturing integrated circuits (ICs) for a wide range of applications, including consumer electronics, telecommunications, automotive, and more. With advanced fabrication facilities and cutting-edge technology, TSMC plays a critical role in the global semiconductor supply chain, serving numerous leading technology companies worldwide.

Fact 9: Taiwan is a great place for an active holiday

Taiwan offers abundant opportunities for an active holiday, with its diverse landscapes, including towering mountains, lush forests, and stunning coastlines. Outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy activities such as hiking, cycling, surfing, and diving, while exploring the island’s natural beauty. With well-maintained trails, scenic routes, and adrenaline-pumping adventures, Taiwan provides an ideal destination for those seeking adventure and exploration.

Fact 10: Taiwan’s cities have some of the densest populations

Taiwan’s cities have some of the densest populations globally, with Taipei being a notable example. Taipei has a population density of over 9,000 people per square kilometer, making it one of the most densely populated cities in the world. Similarly, other major cities in Taiwan, such as Kaohsiung and Taichung, also exhibit high population densities, contributing to the overall urban density of the island.

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